X2Y Filters

X2Y filters are manufactured in the same way as conventional MLCC’s but have a special internal architecture that results in ultra-low ESL (Equivalent Series Inductance) through opposing current flows in adjacent parallel plates. They are not feedthrough devices, but act as bypass filters so are not current limited - the only signal passing through the chip is the filtered noise to ground. They are ideal for twin-line applications such as motors, amplifier inputs or twisted pair (balanced line) applications, where they are fitted between the lines with the centre terminal taken to ground. Incorporating the capacitors in a single ceramic element eliminates any capacitance shift through temperature variation.

Insertion Loss

Insertion Loss figures

Insertion loss plots and figures supplied are typical only and are measured on 50Ω stripline open boards, 0.8mm thick FR4 with gold plated tracks. Solder pads are ‘T’ bar with respect to the track and dimensionally match the recommendations given. The boards are mounted to brass support jigs for mechanical stability and electrical grounding. All measurements are taken using a Vector Network Analyser in a 50Ω system, no load. It is important to recognise that the board material, thickness and layout, the plating finish, the grounding efficiency and the circuit impedances will all have an effect on the actual performance of the filter in operation. The effect of the board makes it difficult to directly compare parts unless the mounting details are defined. It is therefore important to test the filters in circuit to determine the performance level achieved.

Effects of mounting method on Insertion Loss

‘C’ and ‘Pi’ filters are mounted to PCBs and soldered in identical manner to chip capacitors. Solder connections made to each end (signal lines) and each side band (earth track). Whilst SBSG, SBSM and SBSP filters can be mounted conventionally on PCBs, they are also suitable for mounting in a wall or partition on a board. This greatly improves the screening between filter input and output, thereby enhancing the high frequency response. The following insertion loss curves based on actual measurements, show the effect. It can be seen that the filters conventionally mounted exhibit a drop in attenuation at higher frequencies. Shielding methods maintain improved suppression characteristics to 1GHz and above.

Certificates & Approvals